Forbes, 3 Dec 2012
, Andy Greenberg: "In the wake of Syria’s digital blackout last week, the networking firm Renesys performed an analysis of which countries are most susceptible to an Internet shutdown, based simply on how many distinct entities control the connections between the country’s networks and those of the outside world. It found that for 61 countries and territories, just one or two Internet service providers maintain all external connections–a situation that could make possible a quick cutoff from the world with a well-placed government order or physical attack. On Monday Renesys published its full list of countries and territories at various levels of Internet shutdown risk. And here are the places it put in the 'severe risk' category. Andorra, Anguilla, Netherland Antilles, Aruba, Åland Islands, Barbados, Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba, Bhutan, Central African Republic, Cote D’Ivoire, Cook Islands, Cuba, Djibouti, Dominica, Ethiopia, Faroe Islands, Grenada, French Guiana, Greenland, Gambia, Guinea, Guadeloupe, Guyana, British Indian Ocean Territory, Jersey, Comoros, Saint Kitts And Nevis, North Korea, Lesotho, Libya, Monaco, Saint Martin (French and Dutch parts), Marshall Islands, Mali, Myanmar, Mauritania, Norfolk Island, Nauru, French Polynesia, Saint Pierre and Miquelon, Palau, Réunion, Solomon Islands, Somalia, Suriname, South Sudan, Sao Tome and Principe, Syria, Swaziland, Turks and Caicos, Chad, Tokelau, Timor-Leste, Turkmenistan, Tunisia, Tonga, Uzbekistan, Vatican City, Wallis and Futuna, and Yemen." See also Renesys, 30 Nov 2012
, James Cowie.
Wired, 3 Dec 2012, Robert McMillan: "Afghanistan once had a countrywide network. It wasn’t great, but when it was destroyed in the war a new network formed like a kind of scar tissue over the country, connecting different regions to Iran, Pakistan, Uzbekistan, and Turkmenistan. 'Afghanistan, in the middle of them, buys internet connectivity from all of them,' says [Renesys's James] Cowie. 'So the government in Kabul is not any more capable of turning the internet off than they were of building an internet in the first place.'"
SWLing Post, 3 Dec 2012, Thomas Witherspoon: "This past Saturday, I found the irony a bit much to take: on one hand, there was Syria, a highly volatile country struggling for stability, while on the other hand, there was … Canada? Both, on the same fateful day, effecting media shut downs. No doubt, most every Syrian with Internet access knew their Internet had been shut down this past weekend, while very few Canadians knew that their international [shortwave] radio voice had been quelled. In both cases, the government was mostly to blame, though in Canada the CBC was left holding the knife."